Guide on Public Procurement for Sustainable Local Community in Japan ~12 Criteria to Make Community Institution More Sustainable~


This guidebook “Public Procurement Guidebook for Sustainable Local Communities-12 Issues Required for Sustainable Communities and Organizations” is the results of research by the CSO Network over three years to address the fundamental question of “What is ‘Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP)’?” with analysis of compilation of comments given by experts and local government officers in and out of japan.

In the wake of the Great East Japan Earthquake 2011, we determined to conduct field studies on regional sustainability, and developed “Regional Capability Diagnostic Tool” for evaluation and visualisation of strengths of local community in 2016. We also initiated a research project of sustainable procurement for local governments in collaboration with Japan International Cooperation System (JICS). Since the end of 2016, we have sought the form of the Japanese “sustainable public procurement” including the aspects of social as well as environment.

This guidebook begins with the search for regional sustainability in Japan, and then presents 12 issues and 70 initiative items required for SPPs being categorized into four pillars: “A. Sustainable Communities”, “B. Responsible Business Activities”, “C. Environment”, and “D. Legal Compliance and Management Systems” including the sustainability criteria that companies and organizations are expected to meet. In addition, we included columns by experts and interviews with local governments so that you will see the concept of SPP and its examples in an easy-to-understand manner, as well as the self-checklist (SAQs). Lastly, We would like to express our sincere appreciation to the many experts contributed to this guidebook, and everyone gave us suggestions, advice, and cooperation. We hope that this guidebook will contribute to the sustainability of public procurement in Japan.



How to use this guidebook, Guiding steps

Policy Recommendation

A. Sustainable Local Economy

A1. Contribution to Local Economy

A2. Contribution to Local Society

A3. Human Rights

B. Responsible Business

B1. Labour

B2. Health and Safety

B3. Business Ethics

C. Environment

C1. Environmental Management-Initiative Items

C2. Climate Change -Initiative Items

C3. Resources, Waste and Pollution Items

C4. Green procurement -Initiative Items

D. Compliance and Management System

D1 Legal Compliance /Tax Payment – Initiative Items

D2 Management System – Initiative Items

Expert Column

  • Masahiro Yoshida (Representative Director, Eizokuteki Seicho Kigyo Network (Network of Businesses Striving for Enduring Growth)
  • Daisuke Takahashi (Attorney)
  • Takeshi Shimotaya (Executive Director, The Global Alliance for Sustainable Supply Chain (ASSC); and Managing Director, SustainaVision Ltd.)

Interview with Local Government

  • Kyoto Prefecture
  • Noda City
  • Tokyo Prefecture
  • Utsunomiya City

Expert Interview

  • Makoya Kageyama (Professor, Urban Social and Cultural Studies, Association of International Arts and Sciences, Yokohama City University)
  • Hiromi Muto (Professor, Graduate School of Public Policy and Social Governance,Hosei University)
  • Takashi Fujisaki (Program Promotion Section Chief), and Hiroyuki Kobayashi (Unit Head), Eco Mark Office, Japan Environment Association)


  • Kaori Kuroda (Executive Director, CSO Network Japan)


  • Overseas Observations Report: EcoProcura 2018

English Version (PDF 7.12MB)

Japanese Version